By Jason Worth
Numerous corporations, banks, and financial institutions are involved in the federal finances—from running information, accounting, servicing, and payment systems or serving as depository to the U.S. government or managing the trading operations of the Exchange Stabilization Fund. Private financial institutions are primary and secondary dealers of the U.S. Treasury debt as well as dealers and market makers in bonds and mortgage securities directly or indirectly guaranteed by the U.S. government. Many of these enterprises have outstanding stocks and bonds. Changes in the federal credit also have an impact on their credit and value. The tables and charts below provide a listing of some of the companies directly involved in the U.S. federal credit as contractors and dealers as well as an overview of investors in official U.S. debt.